Docência, formação de professores e educação especial nos cursos de ciências da natureza

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Universidade Federal de Goiás


The education of the target audience of special education under the regular school is legal guarantee and it is believed that one of the main agents in the inclusion of these students are the teachers. And to think about their training in special education is a challenge, especially when it comes to nature science teachers. Therefore, it is problematic: are nature science courses preparing future education professionals to work with special education target audiences? In fact, the present study aims to investigate how the education of students targeted by special education has been contemplated in the initial formation of teachers of nature sciences in the state of Goiás, and in a specific way: to map the science courses of the nature in the Public Institutions of Higher Education of the state of Goiás; to identify in the discipline/program plans, from the Pedagogical Project of the Courses, the aspects related to the target public student of the special education and the school inclusion; check with the licenciandos if the disciplines and other academic activities of the courses contemplate the education of the target public students of special education; investigate with the course coordinators how the education of the target public students of special education is contemplated in the training of the academics of the courses of natural sciences. The discussions were based theoretically and methodologically on the historical-cultural approach of Vygotsky. In order to collect data, first, questionnaires were applied to 133 fellows, and then semi-structured interviews were carried out with 19 graduates from the last period of the undergraduate course and with the 9 course coordinators. For the analysis of the collected data, we used the Discursive Textual Analysis, which allowed the production of meanings from the organization of the sense units. The results are: lack of discussion of special education in specific disciplines, beyond the compulsory discipline of Libras in undergraduate courses; the lack of knowledge of the licenciandos about the events that approach the subject; that although the graduates have contact with the target publics of the special education in the stage, in the majority these disregard the students in their planning and classes, which is shown a little different in the Pibid, in which some licensees, on their own initiative, seek contemplate and adapt their classes to meet the target audience of special education; the results also show that teachers' lack of knowledge about the subject influences the demand for discussion of special education in undergraduate courses because they do not feel prepared to promote such debates; the challenges raised by the licenciandos and coordinators to teach classes for these students were mainly the curricular adaptation, the lack of knowledge of the specificities of the deficiencies and the evaluation process of these students. Finally, it is concluded that there is a need to insert disciplines and spaces for discussions about the education and inclusion of the target public education students in the context of teacher training courses.



Formação de professores, Ciências da natureza, Educação especial, Abordagem histórico-cultural, Teacher training, Science of nature, Special education, Historical-cultural approach


ADAMS, F. W. Docência, formação de professores e educação especial nos cursos de ciências da natureza. 2018. 264 f. Dissertação (Mestrado em Educação) - Universidade Federal de Goiás, Catalão, 2018.