Descortinando os propósitos da educação para as crianças com transtorno do espectro autista: em cena os serviços de apoio

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Universidade Federal de Goiás


Studying Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) is relevant as it (re)builds knowledge about how clinical and educational implications/relations in the Brazilian inclusion system. Inclusive education, special education and especially ASD are topics discussed very recently and still a field of many controversies, requiring further studies. It is considered a smaller amount of research related to ASD and education. Considering the educational service offered to children with ASD, this research questioned: which experiences of schooling and support services favor learning and development of children from 0 to 10 years old with ASD? Therefore, the main objective of this study was to analyze the educational attendance of children aged 0 to 10 years with ASD. Specific objectives were to describe how children with ASD are identified and referred to the educational service, to identify the support services that children with ASD participate in, and to describe the educational practices they experience in educational settings and in those support services that favor their learning and development. The epistemology, as well as the methodological choice of this research of qualitative character, is based on the historical-cultural approach of Vygotsky, which presents the discussions about the development of man from his social relations and interactions with the environment, through culture, constitution of history, mediation and language, highlighting the studies of this author on Defectology and Pedology. It was prioritized as instruments of data appropriation to observe the educational attendance that children from 0 to 10 years old with ASD participated in the common school, in the support services, and semi-structured interviews with parents and professionals involved in the educational attendance of these children. From the appropriation of the data, the analysis was finalized listing categories from discursive analysis. The considerations show that the educational practices experienced by children in these spaces of support service are, in addition to clinical and therapeutic care, spaces of pedagogic learning, which have contributed to the development of these children. In addition, educational activities at school did not appear to favor social interactions, development, and learning of children with ASD. It was noticed that the teachers, in their educational practices, did not worry about activities that met the specific demands of these children and complained about lack of knowledge and training for this. Education must fulfill in its trajectory a social-historical function that understands the total formation of the children from the mediation of the teacher. In conclusion, inclusion is one of the most powerful tools that unveils the real purposes of the school, but there are still many challenges to be faced.



Transtorno do espectro autista, Atendimento educacional, Serviços de apoio, Abordagem histórico-cultural, Autistic spectrum disorder, Educational assistance, Support services, Historical-cultural approach


NEVES, Paula Fernandes de Assis Crivello. Descortinando os propósitos da educação para as crianças com transtorno do espectro autista: em cena os serviços de apoio. 2018. 135 f. Dissertação (Mestrado em Educação) - Universidade Federal de Goiás, Catalão, 2018.