Percepção da saúde e segurança do trabalho em uma instituição hospitalar

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Universidade Federal de Goiás


Health professionals are a group of employees most affected as to their health and safety related to the organization and the characteristics of their work activity. Based on this principle, the present study had as objective to know the theoretical production on health and safety of the worker and the working conditions in the hospital environment; and identify the perception of the workers of a hospital in the southeast of Goiás on the culture of health and safety at work. An integrative review was performed to meet the first objective of the research. With the objective of answering the guiding question "The working conditions of hospital employees interfere in the perception of their health and safety?", of the 530 works (articles, theses and others) were selected 12 articles. For the second objective, an observational, quantitative, cross-sectional and descriptive study was performed in a medium-sized hospital in the southeast of Goiás. The Organizational Climate and Security Instrument was used to collect the data. The collection occurred in the first half of 2016. The results showed, for the first stage, that the working conditions are responsible for the wear and tear of the professionals. The reality found in studies on the precarious work condition, has negative repercussions for the health and safety of the worker, providing physical and mental illnesses. Allowing the worker and health institutions to identify problems and propose changes in the work process, thus influencing health promotion and disease prevention. Concerning the view of the workers, the results pointed to dialectical perceptions, some studies have found that unfavorable working conditions often become routines and are not perceived by workers, including managers. And others have found that workers perceive these conditions with regard to the consequences on their health. In the results of the second stage of the research, 118 employees participated, with an average of 2.93 years of bond with de hospital. Predominantly of the feminine gender and with average age of 35 years. An overall mean of 2.92 hours of safety training was identified. Regarding the dimensions of ICOS, the nursing team presented a satisfactory score in the items Climate of Safety, Security as Organizational Value and Personal Involvement with Security, while in those same dimensions, the support team was characterized as indifferent. In the dimension of Organizational Practices, the Nursing Team remained indifferent while the Support Team was dissatisfied. In this way, a difference of involvement between the teams in the perception of the culture of health and safety at work was evidenced.



Risco ocupacional, Saúde do trabalhador, Hospital, Gestão da segurança, Occupational risk, Worker's health, Safety management


VASCONCELOS, Débora Prado. Percepção da saúde e segurança do trabalho em uma instituição hospitalar. 2017. 117 f. Dissertação (Mestrado em Gestão Organizacional) - Universidade Federal de Goiás, Catalão, 2017.