Aprendizagem ativa de física quântica no ensino médio

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Universidade Federal de Goiás


We present in this academic production a class proposal in which its development is dedicated to the use of active teaching of Quantum Physics through centers of interest to discuss a specific subject, namely: the Uncertainty Principle, established in 1927 by the German physicist Werner Heisenberg (1901-1976). The centers of interest offer a learning perspective different from the expository classes, in a dynamic in which the student-knowledge relationship is the result of a construction. While, in most cases, in the expository model of the class, the figure of the teacher prevails, with “endless” monologues, thus making him the protagonist of the educational process, on the other side of this educational structure there is the figure of the student, who for the most part of time is just a listener and note taker. The centers of interest were developed by the Belgian educator Ovide Decroly (1871-1932) and aim to transform education into self-education, placing the student at the center of the educational process. In particular, we suggest carrying out a simple and modest experiment that will be the center of interest from which the Heisenberg uncertainty relationship can be discussed.



Ensino ativo de física, Princípio da incerteza de Heisenberg, Decroly, Centro de interesse, Active physics teaching, Uncertainty principle of Heisenberg, Decroly, Center of interest


SALES, C. H. M. Aprendizagem ativa de física quântica no ensino médio. 2020. 102 f. Dissertação (Mestrado em Ensino de Física em Rede) - Universidade Federal de Goiás, Catalão, 2020.