Especulação imobiliária em Catalão (GO): a inserção urbana para moradores dos bairros localizados a Sudeste da BR-050 (2000-2017)

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Universidade Federal de Goiás


Understanding the spatial distribution of urban dwellings is important for understanding the reproduction of capital in cities, since the location of citizens in urban space is linked to their purchasing power, employment and income, in a country where the simple fact of living involves immense difficulties caused by the process of real estate speculation, has as its genesis private property. With this, an Urban Geography and the Small Social Sciences that are destined as Process Complexes in Processes of Residential Segregation, like Urban Benefits, Infrastructures, Services and Social Equipments of Collective Formation through Taxes, and Enjoyed of Individual Form. An end product of the work would be support the neighborhoods researched in the city to the knowledge to the knowledge of the urban knowledge of neighborhoods researched in the problem. The cut is very good, eight neighborhoods geographically located southeast of the urban area, and were built after the year 2000. The neighborhoods chosen are Estrela, Liz, Flamboyant, Maria Amélia I, Maria Amélia II, Eldorado, Alvino Albino e Jardim Colonial. The main factors that lead to this study are the presence of these neighborhoods in a limited area in relation to other areas / districts of the city, due to the presence of a federal highway - BR-050 - creating a situation of high danger to the pedestrians, being constant accidents; the absence of urban facilities, green areas, squares, sewage network, banking and lottery agencies, a lot of commerce, among others, which aggravates the process of segregation of the place. To promote this analysis, it is methodologically based on three research procedures: Theoretical / bibliographic research, Documentary Research and Field Research. From the theoretical / bibliographic research, under the light of Geography, concepts such as: social actors, real estate speculation, residential segregation and urban accessibility were addressed. The documentary research was carried out in public institutions and research and statistical institutions, such as Instituto Brasileiro de Geografia e Estatística (IBGE), Instituto Mauro Borges (IMB), Prefeitura Municipal de Catalão and the Plano Diretor (Complementary Municipal Law n° 3439, 08 de december de 2016) Master Plan (Complementary Municipal Law n ° 3439, December 08, 2016) cartographic material and articles of the Federal Constitution of Brazil. As a validation of the structural deficits, field research was conducted through semi-structured interviews with four (4) real estate agents working in the research area, and the application of questionnaires to 40 (forty) residents of the neighborhoods surveyed, five ) of each neighborhood that compose the space cutout, where their claims are explained in relation to the absence of urban equipment and their right to the city. Based on the analysis of the data and information, the text of this Dissertation brings a critical-analytical reflection on the point of view of the residents of the researched neighborhoods and investors, that is, of the city as a place of living and living and as a commodity.



Atores sociais, Especulação imobiliária, Segregação residencial, Infraestrutura urbana, Catalão-Goiás, Social actors, Real estate speculation, Residential segregation, Urban infraestructure, Catalão-Goiás


LIMA, Lucas Francisco Souza de. Especulação imobiliária em Catalão (GO): a inserção urbana para moradores dos bairros localizados a Sudeste da BR-050 (2000-2017). 2019. 138 f. Dissertação (Mestrado Geografia) - Universidade Federal de Goiás, Catalão, 2019.