Caracterização e avaliação da utilização de aglomerantes orgânicos e inorgânicos na aglomeração de finos de calcário

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Universidade Federal de Goiás


Modern agriculture requires productivity, efficiency and quality. Therefore, there is need for the application of agricultural lime to correct the soil acidity. The Midwest was appointed as the largest producer of agricultural limestone, with 38.2% and Goiás and holder of 11.6%. In limestone beneficiation process is the generation of fine material (through in # 400 (0.035 mm)), which does not have economic viability in the agricultural, metallurgical and calcination. This is because this particle size of particle decreases the percolation of gas in blast furnaces and has slow settling when used in agriculture, can be transported by wind generating environmental liabilities. Briquetting is to agglomeration of fine particles by pressure, aided or not by a binder, allowing obtaining not only compacts, but with size, shape and mechanical parameters. The objective of this study was to investigate the binding of fine limestone through briquetting through use of a specific type known to have very fine grained (<0.075 mm) using organic and inorganic binders. Agglomeration of fine limestone through the briquetting was conducted by varying the amounts of water (used as inorganic binding agent) 0; 5; 7.5; 10; 12.5% and 2.5; 5; 7.5 and 8.5% organic binders - Molasses Soy and Treacle of cane sugar. The limestone powder and briquettes were analyzed chemically and physically by Scanning Electron Microscopy, Energy Dispersive X-ray (EDS), chemical and particle size analysis. The briquettes were subjected to impact resistance test, resistance to breakdown in water and compressive strength. The best results in impact resistance tests were analyzed and from these results of other tests were performed. The results of mechanical impact resistance were analyzed statistically by analysis of variance (ANOVA), checking if the binder content and factors influenced the agglomeration of the mineral. In addition to lowering the environmental liabilities, the briquettes will also generate profits for the mining industry and can offer a co-product with similar characteristics to the product originally marketed.



Aglomeração, Briquetagem, Calcário, Aglomerantes orgânicos, Resistência mecânica ao impacto, Agglomeration, Briquetting, Limestone, Organic binders, Mechanical impact resistance


BARROS, M. R. Caracterização e avaliação da utilização de aglomerantes orgânicos e inorgânicos na aglomeração de finos de calcário. 2016. 119 f. Dissertação (Mestrado em Gestão Organizacional) - Universidade Federal de Goiás, Catalão, 2016.