Análise comportamental do direito: reflexões introdutórias acerca do direito penal

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Universidade Federal de Goiás


The prison system in Brazil has unified national guidelines and specific federal legislation to be observed, namely the Law on Penal Executions. Each Federation Unit has its own prison system with its respective peculiarities, each functioning as a specific social group with a delimited and closed context, in the form of a functionally specialized social system. For a long time, scholars and scientists have been working on issues related to human behavior, especially with regard to the possibility of controlling such behavior. Adherents of the behaviorist school of behavioral analysis emphasize that it is possible to exercise control over human behavior through the adoption of reinforcement methods. In 1984, the Penal Execution Law was sanctioned, which brought advances to penal legislation by providing rules that made the reduction and reintegration of the convicted person into society viable. It was the Criminal Execution Law, No. 7,210 / 84 (LEP), which definitively ended the notion that prison is an instrument of violence and idleness. Its 204 articles provide for the rights and duties of prisoners. In the Penal Execution Law, penal remission is dealt with explicitly form, it is determined in articles 126 to 130, providing for the possibility of the convict serving a sentence in the closed or semi-open regime, the remission institute for work or for the study of part of the penalty imposed on him. There is discussion in the literature about the role of education and work within the prison system in the role of resocialization. There is a large group of criminal enforcement operators who see them in prisons as an occupational activity like so many others, being important only to help reduce idleness in jails. There are also defenders of the presence of formal education and work activities in prisons to the idea of resocialization, thus, the perspective that school and work activities help to combat idleness in prisons is also part of this discussion.



Behaviorismo, Teoria comportamental, Sistema prisional, Remição, Educação, Behaviorismo, Behavior theory, Prison system, Remission, Education


NEVES, F. T. Análise comportamental do direito: reflexões introdutórias acerca do direito penal. 2020. 59 f. Dissertação (Mestrado em Gestão Organizacional) - Universidade Federal de Goiás, Catalão, 2020.