Prevalência de tabagismo em estudantes do município de Catalão – Goiás, Brasil

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Universidade Federal de Goiás


Tobacco smoking is considered a public health issue and main avoidable cause of death, therefore its consumption prevention in any intervention level is a priority. This study aimed at analyzing tobacco consumption of students in the municipality of Catalão, Goiás State, Brazil, seeking to propose guidelines for worst cases prevention and health promotion in the scope of the Municipal Program of Tobacco Control. This was a cross-sectional study, which used a probabilistic sample. The population consisted of 6,873 people enrolled in the middle and high schools and in Teenagers and Adults’ Education course (EJA, acronym in Portuguese) in 2013. The sample calculation resulted in 651 students to be interviewed, and, due to availability conditions and consent from some principals of the schools, 50 students were interviewed besides the necessary sample. Data were collected from November 2013 to February 2014 in 23 municipal and state public schools. As instruments for data collection, we included a semi-structured questionnaire, Fagerström test (for smokers) and family APGAR. The outcome variables considered in this study were ‘tobacco consumption once in a lifetime’, and ‘recent tobacco consumption’. The statistical program Statistical Package for the Social Science (SPSS), version 22.0, was used to carry out data analysis. Prevalence for tobacco consumption in lifetime and recently was calculated with 95% confidence intervals (95% CI). In order to estimate the associated factors, we implemented two multi-variable models, the first for tobacco use in life and the second for recent use, achieving the odds ratio (OR) effect measure and its respective 95% CI. Initially, the multivariate analysis was done between the outcome and potential associated factors. Then, variables with p < 0.10 were included in the models of hierarchical logistic regression. Factors associated with outcome variables were sociodemographic data; family basis, father and/or mother who smokes, physical activity practice, and family functionality. The relevant point of this study focused on the association between tobacco practice and family functionality in the school environment, measured by the tool family APGAR, of low cost, easy use and that seemed efficient in directing health promotion actions towards tobacco consumption.



Hábito de fumar, Epidemiologia, Estudos transversais, Prevenção & controle, Estudantes, Smoking, Epidemiology, Cross-sectional studies, Prevention & control, Students


VARGAS, L. S. Prevalência de tabagismo em estudantes do município de Catalão – Goiás, Brasil. 2014. 88 f. Dissertação (Mestrado em Gestão Organizacional) - Universidade Federal de Goiás, Catalão, 2014.