A disciplina ensino religioso no currículo escolar brasileiro: institucionalização e permanência

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Universidade Federal de Goiás


The present study has as object of research the subject Religious Education in the curriculum of the Brazilian schools. In this sense, seek to explain how was the construction of this subject in the curriculum of public schools in Brazil, mostly in the period of 1988 to 2010, wich comprehend a rich period in discussion, public politics of implantation to an area and the fight for the educacional field consolidation. It was established as general objective to understand the historical process of construction of the subject Religious Education in the curriculum of Brazilian public schools, and how specific objectives: to analyze the studies in the field of the history of the curriculum and history of the disciplines in order to understand how comes developing the research in these fields of research; demarcate as historically constituted the religious education in school subject and integrated the curriculum of Brazilian public schools; and to analyze the permanence of the subject Religious Education in the curriculum from the analysis of the experience of its configuration in the education system of Goiás. The study belongs to the field of research about the history of school subjects and adopts the socio-historical perspective of curriculum grounded in theories of André Chervel (1990), Gimeno Sacristán (2000), Ivor Goodson (1995, 1997, 2007, 2008) and Dominique Julia (2001, 2002 ), who design the curriculum and the subjects as cultural artifact. The adopted bibliography also includes discussions in the history of education concerning to the history of religious education in Brazilian education, greatly the studies of Carlos Roberto Jamil Cury (1986, 1993, 2004, 2005), Dermeval Saviani (2008), Luiz Antonio Cunha (1996, 2006, 2007a/b, 2012; 2013), and Sergio Junqueira (2002, 2010, 2011). Among the selected sources are written documents, mostly official documents, such as: legislation and curriculum programs relating to the subject Religious Education at the national level and the state of Goiás. Thus, the research is based particularly on the analysis of the formal curriculum, visible and public testimony, in the goodsonian purposes of rationalities and rhetoric that support the school practices. The results indicate that the subject Religious Education follows a trajectory similar to subjects as History, Geography and Physical Educationthat, became institutionalized in the same period, the 1930s. However, safeguard a peculiarity about the configuration standards: the fact of having groups outside the educational field as a strong disciplinary community. This community is made scholars linked to the religious field under the leadership of the Catholic Church. This characteristic is fed of the lack of autonomy of the educational field towards the political and religious fields, but especially from the omission of the State about its regulations and the indifference of specialists in the educational field about this discussion, which are only active in punctual moments and/or by the few scholars of the subject. On this occasion, the present study emphasizes the urgent need to questioning the presence of this subject in the curriculum from the educational field, from the effort of researchers in appropriating the work mode, that characterizes the thinking of Chervel and Goodson.



Ensino religioso, História do currículo e das disciplinas escolares, Ensino religioso em Goiás, Religious education, History of the curriculum and school subjects, Religious education in Goiás


MUNIZ, Tamiris Alves. A disciplina ensino religioso no currículo escolar brasileiro: institucionalização e permanência. 2014. 208 f. Dissertação (Mestrado em Educação) - Universidade Federal de Goiás, Catalão, 2014.