A questionável energia do desenvolvimento: a construção do parque gerador hidrelétrico brasileiro e a expropriação camponesa

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Universidade Federal de Goiás


This study presents the dynamics of the disputed territories, using analysis as the conflict between the model of the Brazilian electric power generation, focused on hydroelectric power source and peasant dispossession caused by the construction of hydroelectric plants in Brazil. The text is organized by presenting the relationship between the development model adopted by the Brazilian government and its policies aimed at the electricity sector between the years 1945-1990, during which experiences the largest buildings of hydroelectric and strengthens the option for hydroelectricity. Thus, the state in Brazil has acted as administrator but as a producer of energy in this period. The measures imposed on the peripheral capitalist countries during the restructuring of the capitalist mode of production in the years 1980-1990 yielded a number of measures of fit for these economies, such as the desancionalização the economy that led to the privatization of public enterprises and opening the economy to international capital thereby aggravating the dependency of these economies to foreign capital. The electrical sector in Brazil is among the sectors that has opened for denationalization, as the privatization of several production units, state-owned generation and power trading. The lack of investment in installed capacity due to the economic crisis of the 1980s, coupled with the growing demand for electricity and the national electric system susceptibility to weather weather Brazil is experiencing a crisis of energy supply in 2001. The Blackout of 2001 triggered the opening of the law of power generation and environment for private sector participation intensifies the self-producers and independent producers who have invested heavily in production facilities hydroelectric facilities. The sector that has invested in increased production of hydroelectric power was the sector of electrointensive industries, interested in getting cheap hydropower and private industries such as Alcoa Aluminio SA and Votorantim Energia. Because of the blackout measures the government authorizes the construction of new dams without proper environmental and social rigor, resulting in several cases of irregularities in construction producing irreparable social and environmental impacts. UHE Serra Facão in Catalão (GO) was approved without a criterion of these plants by IBAMA, resulting in this way, the peasant expropriation and environmental damage, such as the death of part of icitiofauna. The fourth chapter presents the relationship of peasant with its territory based on the inseparable triad of ethics peasant: family, land and labor. The construction of the territory and territorialization of the peasant resistance movement against expropriation produced by UHE Serra Facão and the effects on the lives of some peasants who were deterritorialized / reterritorialized by UHE Serra Facão.



Usinas hidrelétricas, Territórios em disputa, Expropriação camponesa, Hydroelectric power plants, Territories in dispute, Expropriation peasant


NAVES, J. C. A questionável energia do desenvolvimento: a construção do parque gerador hidrelétrico brasileiro e a expropriação camponesa. 2010. 172 f. Dissertação (Mestrado em Geografia) - Universidade Federal de Goiás, Catalão, 2010.