Território e identidade: indígenas Kaixana na comunidade São Francisco de Tonantins/Tonantins (AM)

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Universidade Federal de Goiás


This academic research was developed in the Postgraduate Program in Geography of the Federal University of Goiás - Regional Catalão and its premise is to understand the articulation among the used space (territory) and the construction of identity by the Kaixana natives in Tonantins, a city located in the mesoregion of the Southwest Amazonian. The study performed presents the relationship of the territory with the construction of the Kaixana identity through access to the public policies to the"indigenous inhabitant” of the São Francisco de Tonantins Community. The interest in the subject arises from the observations and inquiries about the self-identification of the Kaixana group and the process of territorial demarcation, causing disputes over the domination and appropriation of the area by the indigenous and non-indigenous peoples. The research was developed through qualitative and quantitative methodologies. It’s been assumed that the majority of the community is composed of indigenous people, although many do not accept this identity and even question when they are identified as such, strongly denying the status of being indigenous. Meanwhile, after the arrival of public policies for the indigenous territories, many began to accept the nomenclature in order to have access to them. In this sense, this Dissertation aims to: Understand the identity production in the construction of the Kaixana indigenous territory in the São Francisco de Tonantins Community. Throughout the results, an attempt is made to establish an approach on the situation of indigenous people, demonstrating that the construction of socially materialized ethnic identity in the community territory allows access to public policies through self-identification of the group, an element that is constituted from the perspective of social and political policies. In this sense, this dissertation aims to analyze the use of territory in the dynamics of the affirmation of ethnic identity as a territorial element for access to public policies. The research is structured in two phases: bibliographical, to identify the authors that approach the theme in order to build a theoretical framework to subsidize the reading and interpretation of the phenomenon under analysis; and a research in secondary sources, such as: National Indian Foundation (FUNAI); Kaixana de Tonantins Indigenous Organization (OPIKT); and others. The indigenous population of this study seeks to access social policies in the São Francisco Community by means of self-identification and seeks through their self-identification, access to indigenous rights in the territory in which they are inserted, presenting their socio-cultural practices through their manifestations and experiences. Ultimately, have we questioned the movement seeking for access to the public policies to rescue and build an indigenous identity? We believe so. This is one of the challenges of this research.



Tonantins (AM), Território indígena Kaixana, Políticas-públicas, Tonantins (AM), Kaixana indigenous territory, Public policies


LIMA, S. C. Território e identidade: indígenas Kaixana na comunidade São Francisco de Tonantins/Tonantins (AM). 2017. 187 f. Dissertação (Mestrado em Geografia) - Universidade Federal de Goiás, Catalão, 2017.