Os riscos na modernidade reflexiva: análise dos riscos ambientais no perímetro urbano de Catalão (GO)

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Universidade Federal de Goiás


The environmental risk is highlighted on the global stage and in various sciences, after increasing the environmental concerns, such as the rise of the spirit of insecurity and the uncertainty in the quality of life in the future. Such aspects transpired / transpire the notion that society lives in a constant condition of vulnerability and, increasingly susceptible to new risks from modernity. However much that resembles the term risk is away from pollution concepts, degradation, environmental impacts or depreciation of natural resources. In other words, the risk is the probability or possibility of a disastrous event occurs, may cause loss, destruction or irreparable damage to human life and / or material goods. Thus, the terms threat, danger and disasters are interconnected, and sometimes may be mistaken or even considered risk synonymous. However, the risk study stands out with the formulation of the theory of reflexive modernity, with its cornerstone in the idea that "society threat to itself." As Beck sociologists, Giddens and Lash (2011) the developers / proponents of this theory. From this, it defined the main purpose of this dissertation, analyze the risks in modern times, and the city of Catalão, located in the extreme southeast of the state of Goiás, as a study area for understanding environmental risks through the theory of reflexive modernity. The approach method used in a predominant way, was the deductive method, but mixed with the observational method. Since the methodology was based on three steps: literature on risk and its variations, as well as reflexive modernity; field research for the identification, characterization and verification of the risks in the spatial area, through technical visits to public and private entities bodies, observation form, photographic records and geographic coordinates of collections; and finally mapping in map for the production of synthesis of the major environmental risks of the area studied. The classification adopted environmental risk is the adaptation of the model presented by Egler (1996), which divides into three follow-up, namely natural, technological and social. The city of Catalão (GO) has, in general, more risk associated with technological risks or inefficient infrastructure, as follows: two areas of risk to exposure to electromagnetic fields (EMF) for overhead transmission power lines (LT) , an area the power distribution substation, such as twenty-one points by transmission antennas Mobile Phone System - Radiobases stations (ERB), three points for risk of dam breaking, three areas for risk of fire, twenty six risk points for gas stations activity, as well as risk of stretch by rail and road. Already the natural hazards present two areas of exogenous geological risk and fifteen points for hydrological risks, divided into two areas by flood, eleven by flooding and two by flood. It was concluded that the catalana society is exposed to the adverse effects discussed in the theory of reflexive modernization. It also highlights the need to prepare the Plan Risk Reduction (PMRR).



Sociedade moderna, Modernização reflexiva, Riscos ambientais, Catalão (GO), Modern society, Reflexive modernization, Environmental risks, Catalão (GO)


MENDES, Pedro Paulo Mesquita. Os riscos na modernidade reflexiva: análise dos riscos ambientais no perímetro urbano de Catalão (GO). 2016. 128 f. Dissertação (Mestrado em Geografia) - Universidade Federal de Goiás, Catalão, 2016.