Estimulação precoce, trabalho pedagógico e a criança com deficiência na creche

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Universidade Federal de Goiás


Early stimulation is the first education program directed to Special Education Target Public children, ages from zero to three. Early stimulation in Kindergarten might be used to promote the integral development for Special Education Target Public child, since his/her specific characteristics requires a greater stimulation. Accordingly, our research follows this problem: how has early stimulation been worked by a Kindergarten teacher to promote the inclusion at the daycare for Special Education Target Public children? The hypothesis in this paper is that early stimulation is still unfamiliar to teachers from the Kindergarten regular system. The overall goal was to understand how the early stimulation process of Special Education Target Public children (ages from zero to three) is performed by the teacher’s pedagogical practice in Municipal Center’s Kindergarten (Centros Municipais de Educação Infantil - CMEIS) in Catalão – GO. Our theoretical reference was Cultural-Historic Psychology, since it considers that a Special Education Target Public child is endowed with the same development possibility as a child without disabilities, but would develop them in a different and slowly way, therefore the necessity of a mediating agent teacher. Five teachers from the Kindergarten municipal system participated in this research and in their group were present Special Education Target Public children from zero to three. The methodological instruments used to develop the field research were participant observation and a semi-structured interview. Collected data examination was made from content analysis where we tried to perform a dicing data, in order to identify and enhance the aspects in which early stimulation was present in the teacher’s pedagogical practice. The results shows that the educational work developed at daycare is found too directed in caring, however, this supporting role view may overcome when caring is seen as a way to propitiate cognitive, physical and social development to all children. We also determined that teachers recognize the importance of including development Special Education Target Public children but point out many challenges facing this process, such as: lack of human and material resources, little training, isolated work with this child, little accessibility. Apart from that, we also verified that this early stimulation educational program is still unfamiliar to teachers at the regular system and the performed work is still guided by intuitive practice. We also made clear that disabled child’s insertion hasn’t brought significate changes in educators’ pedagogical practices. It’s pointed a necessity of a greater investment in teachers’ Kindergarten training, mainly in regards to working with a disabled child. SME needs to institute a training policy that really provides to educators theoretical and practical knowledge that promotes all children’s right to learning.



Estimulação precoce, Educação infantil, Creche, Prática pedagógica, Criança público alvo da educação especial, Early stimulation, Kindergarten, Nursery, Pedagogical practice, Special education target public children


BORGES, G. S. B. Estimulação precoce, trabalho pedagógico e a criança com deficiência na creche. 2016. 172 f. Dissertação (Mestrado em Educação) - Universidade Federal de Goiás, Catalão, 2016.