Um olhar sobre o racismo no Brasil: sua construção pelo Estado e a luta dos negros pela sua superação

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Universidade Federal de Goiás


The objective of the present work was to systematically reflect on the historical formation of blacks in Brazilian society, examining the social construction in order to realize that differences based on skin color are associated with an imposing system of social inequalities because we understand that slavery was a heavy obstacle to the formation of a true nation, for maintaining a portion of the population subjugated in a naturalized way and another with “natural” privileges as enemies to each other, preventing the country's social and political integration. Our trajectory begins in the 19th century, where we discussed external pressures to end trafficking, the emergence of abolitionist movements, actions of rebellions on the part of enslaved people and the work developed by parliamentarians and jurists in the process of laws that would gradually prepare the way for the Golden Law signed by Princess Isabel on May 13, 1888, which freed and incorporated the former slaves to civil rights, however this incorporation took place more formal than real, where in practice it brought few social changes to the newly freed . With the Proclamation of the Republic in 1889 and the ratification of the first Republican Constituent in 1881, there was no affirmative law that promoted the integration of the freedmen now into class society. We argue that even in the face of apathy on the part of the competent authorities, the population, mostly composed of freedmen, did not stand idly by and went to fight, organized themselves in clubs, created newspapers and founded the Black Movement, an organized movement that started to claim and fight for a better placement of blacks in society.



Escravidão, Estado, História e resistência, Slavery, State, History and resistance


BARROSO, I. G. Um olhar sobre o racismo no Brasil: sua construção pelo Estado e a luta dos negros pela sua superação. 2020. 97 f. Dissertação (Mestrado em História) - Universidade Federal de Goiás, Catalão, 2020.