Das gaiolas, das clausuras às práticas de liberdade: relações de saber/poder em O papel de parede amarelo

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Universidade Federal de Goiás


The present research aims to analyze the process of discursive constitution of the narrator- character subjectivity of the tale The Yellow Wall Paper, by Charlotte Perkins Gilman. The tale tells the story of a woman cloistered in a colonial mansion by her husband, who is a doctor, because of her supposed propensity for hysteria. In the seclusion, she notices other women stuck to the wallpaper of the room in which she is staying. By this movement, she writes in a diary to deal with her anxieties, yearnings and feelings, while deciphering the pattern of the yellow wallpaper. It is a literary corpus and through it we understand that historical and social practices produce the subjectivity of the narrator-character. We base ourselves on Discourse Analysis as descriptive-interpretative and analytical support, based mainly on the following foucaultian notions: knowledge/power relations, objectivation/ subjectivation and freedom practices, madness, self-care, self-writing, resistance, desubjectivation. The study is structured in three chapters: in the first, we present the story and its author, gather academic research about the story, point out some elements of the fantastic literature observed in it; in the second, we discuss the theoretical-methodological framework, analyze knowledge/power relations in the constitution of the madness in the story; in the third, we explore freedom and self-care practices employed by the narrator-character, evidencing processes of desubjectivation that deprive her identity and place her before new possibilities of existence. Therefore, in this process of Foucault's discursive analysis, we reflect about the subject- positions assumed by the narrator-character, the discursive practices in which it inserts itself and is inserted, the effects of knowledge/power incident on its (dis)constitution as subject and the ruptures of patterns and roles imposed. We understand that the subjects constitute themselves and are constituted in and by the discourses of a given historical and social conjuncture, in addition to breaking with the imposed standards, the subjects transgress social norms, resist knowledge/power relations and, when desubjecting themselves from the standard model imposed upon them, they produce new subjectivities, reinvent themselves into something which is yet to come. This was the movement of resistance built by the narrator-character, the protagonist of the narrative under study.



Discurso, Subjetividade, Saber-poder, Práticas de si, O papel de parede amarelo, Speech, Subjectivity, Knowledge-power, Practices of itself, The yellow wallpaper


Rodovalho, N. M. A. Das gaiolas, das clausuras às práticas de liberdade: relações de saber/poder em O papel de parede amarelo. 2018. 106 f. Dissertação (Mestrado em Estudos da Linguagem) - Universidade Federal de Goiás, Catalão, 2018.