Transformações territoriais do capital na agroindústria canavieira no município de Capinópolis (MG)

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Universidade Federal de Goiás


The recent expansion of the sugar cane in Brazil, which began in early 1990, come (re) defining the territories and changing the relationship between capital and labor. New socioespaciais storage compartments are constructed and imposed by the sugarcane agribusiness capital in the country. This process of transformation of sugarcane agroindustrial capital space began in the 16th century, in the Northeast, with the deployment of the first machines and expanded to the South-Central region in the 19th and 20th centuries. The sugar economy was, for a few centuries, the main economic base of the country. The price paid for this model of development was too big because it caused negative social and environmental effects. Biomes were destroyed to make way for sugar cane. The sugarcane sector experienced periods of high and low production due to the crisis that was present in this sector of brazilian agriculture. The crisis faced in the 17th century was responsible for the decline of the sugar economy. In these times of crisis, the State has benefited this sector by releasing large amounts of money in the form of loans. This expansion of the sugar cane in Brazil resulted in a migration of workers to process the cane-cutting activity in agribusiness canavieiras in various regions of the country. In this order, we want to understand the social effects on the lives of workers who migrate in the Northeast region of the country to the municipality of Capinópolis (MG) to this activity of cutting sugar cane in the period of 2003 to 2014. In 2008, the sugar industry is shaken by the global crisis with direct reflections in the sector because it has reduced the demand for sugar and ethanol, triggering the breakdown of various agribusiness canavieiras and the consequent dismissal of thousands of workers according to industry Union of sugar cane. In Minas Gerais, João Lyra group entered bankruptcy decreed by the Judge of Alagoas, where the headquarters of the João Lyra. With this decision, all units of the Group were closed. The sugar cane do Paranaíba Valley drive, in the municipality of Capinópolis (MG), was one of the ones who closed the doors. The closing of this agroindustry reflexes straight into the lives of workers who exercised activities in cane cutting in this company.



Agroindústria canavieira, Relação capital e trabalho, Capinópolis (MG), Sugarcane agroindustry, Relationship capital and labor


SILVA, L. C. S. Transformações territoriais do capital na agroindústria canavieira no município de Capinópolis (MG). 2016. 136 f. Dissertação (Mestrado em Geografia) - Universidade Federal de Goiás, Catalão, 2016.