Educação, instrução e comportamento das crianças e adolescentes fluminenses no século XIX por meio de algumas Obras de Machado de Assis (Rio de Janeiro – 1805/1894)

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Universidade Federal de Goiás


This research is part of an interdisciplinary perspective and aims to present some aspects of the social imaginary tissue about the child, childhood, education and their education, in their various forms of education and guidance ways of gifts infants in literary works Machado de Assis, namely: the Posthumous Memoirs of Bras Cubas, Dom Casmurro, Esau and Jacob and the "school's Tale", the book Several stories. The goal is to analyze the child's education and instruction in its various forms, teaching and offering guidance for life in society in socio-cultural context of Rio de Janeiro in the nineteenth century with a methodology contextualize the representations, placing them in time and space, confronting images with those arising from other sources, allowing historicizing the work and its images to access the multiple meanings conveyed them about the historical reality. Aims to show how education and education were different for boys and girls in a dual education system, which occurred the separation of these social learning process, pointing to the organization of the community in which the behaviors, attitudes and patterns not general were the same in all sexes. Refers to the relationship between literature, memory, history, imagination and representation, to unravel the socio-cultural context in which the child was inserted and which received instructions, teaching, education and guidance to become a social being. The study is divided into two parts. In the first contextualizes is Machado de Assis and his work in society and time pointing his intellectual trajectory, reflecting on its production and questioning some aspects related to its blackness. In the second chapter, we bring some reflections on childhood and adolescence in the works referred to Machado making a dialogue with the bibliographical sources that deal with education, education and behavior of children fluminenses the nineteenth century. Also as part of this work, bring one paradidactic booklet : " Eulalia Memories " which is composed of a story in verse addressing the advent of the Free Womb Law and its effect on relations between the lords and said naive children of slavery, in particular as regards their education. The booklet also consists of activities of practical suggestions to be worked in the classroom .



Infância, Adolescência, Literatura, Educação, Instrução, Childhood, Adolescence, Literature, Education, Instruction


BORGES ELIAS, Jesiele Martins Borges. Educação, instrução e comportamento das crianças e adolescentes fluminenses no século XIX por meio de algumas Obras de Machado de Assis (Rio de Janeiro – 1805/1894). 2016. 130 f. Dissertação (Mestrado Profissional em História) - Universidade Federal de Goiás, Catalão, 2016.