O processo de espacialização das desigualdades sociais: uma abordagem histórico-geográfica e jurídica dos programas assistenciais no município de Catalão (GO)

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Universidade Federal de Goiás


The occupation of Brazilian territory, since the portuguese invasion, has always been a state project built without taking into account the needs of the working classes, which participation was limited to pure physical effort. In Brazil social inequalities have historical roots. The process of appropriation of space, in all its stages, was directed toward such rooting, both in the colonial phase, as in the State phase (Empire and Republic). Such inequalities challenge the Social Sciences and Humanities to develop researches in order to understand them, and, even, in some cases, to present subsidies to its overcoming. During most of the political history of brazilian State people of social working classes were officially ignored, which resulted in the non-adoption of public policies of combat the inequalities. In fact, the republican Brazil comes to the present day with an immense social debt as a result of territorial rootedness of social inequalities. Debt that presents itself notorious when studied from the spatial area of the Brazilian municipalities. Instance of local Government, is in the City where people live, that the socio-spatial inequalities are identified in a more explicit way because of a greater proximity between the government and the citizen. It is also in the City that the weaknesses of political and administrative practices of combat the inequalities acquire greater visibility. In this research was proposed an exegesis of the historical-geographical process and legal of rooting of social inequalities in Brazil, of the spatialization and effectiveness of programs to combat them in the City of Catalão (GO), in order to understand the territorialization of social inequalities, the sócio-political fundamentals of its genealogy, the legitimating assumptions, as well as the policies of public assistance, identifying in the city of Catalão which are, where are and how live the beneficiaries of such policies. The research methodology included: a) theoretical research, in which was made the survey of the main references on the subject; b) documentary research, as well as the research in public agencies and database of public and private institutions; c) field research, made possible through interviews with public authorities of the administrative area related to the research and people linked to the civilian entities who are active in the social field, and, by sampling, with holders of benefits of Bolsa Família Program PBF, in a universe of 2,658 families assisted by the same in the City of Catalão GO.



Capitalismo; Desigualdades-sócio-espaciais; Questão social - assistencial; Polític públicas; Prog-bolsa-família-Catalão(GO), Capitalismo, Desigualdades sócio-espaciais, A questão social e o assistencialismo, Políticas públicas, Programa Bolsa Família, Capitalism, Socio-spatial inequalities, The social question and the welfare, Public policies, Bolsa Família Program, Geografia Humana


ABRÃO, Luciano Rogério do Espírito Santo. The process of social inequalities spatialization: an historical-geographical and legal approach of assistance programs for the City of Catalão (GO). 2011. 199 f. Dissertação (Mestrado em Ciências Humanas) - Universidade Federal de Goiás, Goiania, 2011.