Uso das terras e legislação ambiental: a microbacia do Ribeirão Sapé no município de Caldas Novas (GO)

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Universidade Federal de Goiás


From the 1930s Brazil created many laws to protect the natural resources. But with the implantation of incentive programs which aim the economic growth at any cost, with modern farming practices and the expansion of agriculture and cattle raising, great losses occurred to the preservation and conservation of the natural resources. The driving question for this study was made on the purpose to analyze the use of the lands on the Ribeirão Sapé micro-basin, in Caldas Novas (GO), as well as changes in behavior of the hydrological cycle and in the conservation and preservation of the soil, the native vegetation and the waters. This intense use of lands and the fragile support of legislation in protecting the natural resources have caused, most of the times, deep environmental degradation. Therefore efficient policies are needed to orientate how to manage the soil correctly. The research was developed through the literary revision concerning to the subject, dada collection, information analysis from primary and secondary source, the consult of federal and state legislation, mapping to delimitate the research s area, analysis of the gradual use of land from 1973 until 2009 and empirical research with the resident population living on the micro-basin. The research s results revealed that the laws collaborate, but they are not sufficient to protect the natural resources, many times for lack of supervision of the competent organs, others for gaps in the laws which enable the greater use of natural resources. With the expected changes in Brazilian legislation might occur reductions of the natural elements that remain in the areas of permanent preservation and legal reserves and, like this, affect all cycle of life on the micro-basin.



Microbacia, Leis ambientais, Agropecuária, Recursos hídricos, Vegetação, Micro-basin, Environmental, Agriculture and cattle raising, Water resources, Vegetation, Microbacia; Leis ambientais; Agropecuária; Recursos hídricos; Vegetação


MARTINS, Rosimeire Pereira. Land use and environmental legislation: the micro-basin of the municipality of Ribeirão Sapé in Caldas Novas (GO). 2011. 107 f. Dissertação (Mestrado em Ciências Humanas) - Universidade Federal de Goiás, Goiânia, 2011.