Gestão de resíduos sólidos urbanos nos municípios de Barra do Garças (MT), Pontal do Araguaia (MT) e Aragarças (GO): uma análise socioambiental

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Universidade Federal de Goiás


This paper aims at discussing the aspects connected to the public policies, management and actions that relate to the solid urban waste management in the cities of Barra do Garças (MT), Pontal do Araguaia (MT) and Aragarças (GO), in order to compare the reality of these cities towards NSWP, making a diagnosis of this reality and based on this, formulating proposals for the solution of the problems found in field. The problems related to the Urban Solid Waste (USW) are reality in an enormous amount of cities scattered around the planet, nonetheless, when it comes to developing countries, like Brazil, this issue tends to be even more accentuated due to the fact that the required budgets for good waste management are high, while several of these countries are unable to meet these demands. In Brazil, USW management is regulated by the NSWP, it came into force as the Law 12,305 on August 2, 2010 after processing for approximately 20 years in the National Congress. It is a current and modern law that broadly covers various aspects related to USW, presenting the change in the production and consumption patterns as one of its priorities. Aiming to study the case and understand the real situation of the solid urban waste management in these cities, a qualitative research was carried out, using perspectives of the process that triggers on the issue of solid waste, for a critical analysis. The results were achieved by means of bibliographic research, documentary research, site visits to the Barra do Garças (MT) landfill and to the Aragarças (GO) dumping ground, semi-structured interviews with those responsible for solid waste management in each of the three cities and with the representation of the largest recycling company in the city of Aragarças (GO), Reciclar. The reality found in the three cities is complex when it comes to the USW management, each one of them presents particular problems that will require a serious rethinking in order to find the right solutions, although, generically, it can be said that the three cities are still very distant of the ideal presented by the NSWP and by the technical standards that rule the various stages of the solid waste management. Amongst the data surveyed, a serious slowness it is still noticed in addressing the problems related to solid waste, with gaps in the Solid Waste Plans, selective waste collection, shared responsibility for the product life cycle, the final destination and disposal and the recycling of waste.



Resíduos sólidos urbanos, Gestão e gerenciamento de resíduos sólidos, Política nacional de resíduos sólidos, Urban solid waste, Solid waste management and manipulation, National solid waste policy


SANTOS NETO, B. F. Gestão de resíduos sólidos urbanos nos municípios de Barra do Garças (MT), Pontal do Araguaia (MT) e Aragarças (GO): uma análise socioambiental. 2017. 148 f. Dissertação (Mestrado em Geografia) - Universidade Federal de Goiás, Catalão, 2017.