Identidade e memória no imbricamento histórico-literário de Eleanor Marx, filha de Karl

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Universidade Federal de Goiás


In this research, we aim to analyze how literature, memory, identity and history are interwoven in Eleanor Marx, Karl´s daughter, the corpus of our research, and reflect on how was Eleanor Marx´s identity construction process, what is the importance of memory in this process and how is the relationship between history and literature in the narrative. From the general objective, we´ve established as specific objectives: i) to unravel the social place that the narrative occupies on the border of history/literature, and the ideological aspects that affect on the construction of the character´s identity; ii) to verify how occur the identity processes of the fictional character Eleanor in the corpus and its relationship with memory and psychological space; iii) to reflect on the historical and social time of Victorian Era and the representation of the female likeness and Eleanor´s role in this context; iv) to discuss how biography and fiction are interwoven in the narrative, constituting it as a biographical narrative; and v) to analyze the possible reasons that led the character to commit suicide.To achieve the specified objectives, we propose to answer the following questions: i)How is the constitution process of the character Eleanor Marx and her identity processes in the narrative, recognizing the memory as constitutive of these processes?; ii) How, on the border of history/literature, established by the narrative, builds up Eleanor´identity, in a context characterized by traditionalism and by the working class fight for the ideals?; iii) What is the social place the character takes up in this historic setting and what ideological and historical elements influence on their identity processes? Throughout the research, the concepts of identity, memory, history, literature and fiction were recurrent, and we consider that they are necessary for the analysis of the narrative and of the cutouts that guided the research. We understand, at the end of the study, that ideology was central in the construction of the character´s identity, whereas her reaction to the sociopolitical context, established by the inequality that marked that time, was part of the whole process of identity construction. Additionally, the romance presents a fictional narrative mixed by historical official facts and reveals Eleanor as a strong, educated and fighter woman, that also has a sensitive and needy of love and affection side. She is therefore, an incomplete subject, that feels weakened by a series of factors occurred in her life, as the disappointments with the divisions and ruptures of the socialist movement, the distance from friends and family, the death of her loved ones, the physical and emotional exhaustion of the last few months, the sleeplessness, the loneliness. Finally, we conclud that there was a conjuncture of factors that led the character Eleanor to commit suicide.



Identidade, Memória, Literatura e ficção, História, Identity, Memory, History, Literature and fiction


COELHO, Lidiane Pereira. Identidade e memória no imbricamento histórico-literário de Eleanor Marx, filha de Karl. 2013. 94 f. Dissertação (Mestrado em Estudos da Linguagem) - Universidade Federal de Goiás, Catalão, 2013.