A relação homem – natureza no contexto do fechamento das escolas rurais em Ouvidor (GO)

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Universidade Federal de Goiás


This theme is associated with the emerging paradigm of capitalist society and its relationship with nature. And it arises from a crisis of humanity in all the segments contained therein, among which stands out the environmental crisis, which is directly associated with the survival of the human species. Faced with this complex reality and confrontational, print the necessity of transformations grounded in the reconfiguration of social roles and the redefinition of relations between individuals and those with nature. It is believed that the school as a space of socialization configure it as conducive to act in this direction. However, although education is a right constitutionally guaranteed, it is known that schooling in Brazil occurs unevenly when rural and urban settings are compared, according to data from the National Institute of Educational Studies and Research (INEP) between the years 2000 and 2012 more than 43 thousand rural schools were closed, which equates to about 3,587 schools per year. Closing a school is an attack on the survival of a community, because usually the representativeness of schools goes far beyond a teaching environment; they are spaces of social integration. From this context this research was undertaken in order to meet this dynamic, which deals with parameters of Education financial viability at the expense of cultural values and changing rural schools for transportation to schools in the urban network. This sets a historic setback amid the educational progress made in the legal framework to ensure the right to attend quality schools both in town and in the field. It is also considered in this sense the impacts related to the subjectivity of the students from the field that suffer prejudice and discrimination (albeit veiled) , before a dichotomy vision still rooted in the concepts adopted by much of society that places the field as inferior the city. Based on these assumptions, this research is developed, which has predominantly a qualitative essence, but is not disregarding the quantitative data that contribute to elucidate the approach. The place of the study is the county of Ouvidor (GO) that according to information collected in the field has no rural schools in its territory since 2005. So students who live in rural areas - 67 students aged 4-18 years (during the school year 2013) - are transported to schools in the urban network traversing paths ranging from 2 to 35 km. Structurally, this research is organized into three chapters , besides the introduction and conclusion. This organization seeks to articulate the relationships between society and nature in the historical context, demonstrating the importance of formal education as a restructuring charge of relations with the environment link. Although the study is facing the reality of the city of Ouvidor (GO), it is expected that the results obtained may provide elements that promote debate in the Southeast region of Goiás state and even in other Brazilian counties that deal with similar process to the reality studied.



Escolarização rural, Fechamento de escolas rurais, Relações homem e natureza, Rural Schooling, Closure of rural schools, Human and nature relationships


NOGUEIRA, Ariane Martins. A relação homem – natureza no contexto do fechamento das escolas rurais em Ouvidor (GO). 2014. 130 f. Dissertação (Mestrado em Geografia) - Universidade Federal de Goiás, Catalão, 2014.