Um olhar discursivo sobre a fluência em língua inglesa

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Universidade Federal de Goiás


This dissertation aimed at investigating how teachers and students from language schools enunciate about fluency related to the teaching and learning process of English language as a foreign language (FL). For this, we used an interface between Applied Linguistics (AL), Dialogical Discourse Analysis (DDA) and French Discourse Analysis (DA) in order to substantiate theoretically our research. In AL area, we discussed the concepts of foreign language, fluency, methodologies and teaching approaches traditionally used. In the scope of DDA, we aimed at verifying, mainly, the dialogical relations which are established in the sequences collected in our research, once we understand that each sequence is a connection in a bigger chain of sequences, in which dialogical relations happen, according to Mikhail Bakhtin and other scholars of Bakhtin Circle. In DA area, we reflected upon the notions of discourse, subject, effects of sense and imaginary formations based on the studies of Michel Pêcheux, and also Michel Foucault with the concepts of knowledge and power. Our path for this research was theoretical investigation, about the authors who compose the interface suggested here, use of AREDA (SERRANI-INFANTE, 1998) as a methodological tool for data collection, transcription of the data and data analysis. It is important to state that people who took part in our research were teachers and students involved in the English language teaching and learning process, as a foreign language, from language schools which use the communicative approach. This particularity of the research allowed us to see, based on the collected corpus, the discursive inscriptions which the subjects do when they enunciate about fluency. It means the subjects, when enunciating about fluency, inscribe themselves in the illusion of completeness, inscription of knowledge-power, inscription in know-how (knowledge and practice). In this way, we present how teachers and students subscribe themselves in grammar, vocabulary, possibility of mastery in a foreign language, the native speaker image or academic and professional status desired by the English language knowledge, and others. It was possible to verify, from this research, that fluency in English language, as a desired object, is represented exclusively related to speaking skill. Thus, there is a discourse, legitimized by language schools, according to which “knowing a foreign language means speaking this language”. From these discourses, others are produced regarding what teaching, learning and knowing the English language represent, and other senses emerge about fluency.



Linguística aplicada, Análise do discurso, Análise dialógica do discurso, Língua inglesa, Fluência, Institutos de línguas, Applied linguistics, Discourse analysis, Dialogical discourse analysis, English language, Fluency, Language schools


VIEIRA, Evelyn Cristine. Um olhar discursivo sobre a fluência em língua inglesa. 2013. 145 f. Dissertação (Mestrado em Estudos da Linguagem) - Universidade Federal de Goiás, Ctalão, 2013.