O enunciado verbo-visual de memes sobre o sujeito professor: diálogos sobre a identidade docente

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Universidade Federal de Goiás


Social networks take advantage of dialogues between subjects that are found immersed in a technological context, permitting the construction of the social subject considering that interaction. Thinking about this, this dissertation presents some contributions of the Bakhtin Circle for analysis and comprehension of the verb-visual statement found in the discursive materialities of memes, located on Facebook regarding the theme of the subject as a teacher and stereotypes formed from the different effects of meaning that arise from the meme’s statements. Our general objective is the analyzation of memes related to teachers and their verb-visual statements while considering possible dialogues about their identity. In specific objectives, we set out to identify and evaluate the stereotypes built around the teacher and which social situation are triggered in the meme’s statements. In addition, we reflect on the identification processes connected to the identities of the teacher. We understand, above all, that there is a set of influences of the image that the media creates about the subject through memes, represented in a ridiculous way in the social environment. Propagated memes seem to democratize the subject about practices and images seen as a bias of humor. In this aspect, the virtual media has an important role in legitimizing new and old stereotypes because they refract positive and negative concepts about the teacher and their profession.To this end, such a proposal of analysis is only possible in the light of the Bakhtinian presuppositions from the communication perspective of language philosophy, and we have as the orienting principal the discursive-dialogical-ideological axis, in which we find opportune ground to constitute the corpus of research with the four memes analyzed. We are anchored in conceptions of dialogue, verbal interaction, discursive genre and statement (BAKHTIN, 1997, 2011; VOLOCHÍNOV, 2017, 2013, 2005), stereotypes (AMOSSY, 2008), ethos (MAINGUENEAU, 2008a,2008b, 2011). We find that the simulacrum of the voices of artists, anonymous voices, and voices of the professors themselves, articulate an ironic and satirized perspective of the subject and exert a power to speak. They echo in a chorus effects of meaning that simplifies educational problems and teacher identities masked by humor discourse.



Memes, Sujeito professor, Enunciado verbo-visual, Estereótipo, Identidade, Memes, Subject teacher, Verb-visual statement, Stereotype, Identity


VIEIRA, W. G. M. O enunciado verbo-visual de memes sobre o sujeito professor: diálogos sobre a identidade docente. 2018. 87 f. Dissertação (Mestrado em Estudos da Linguagem) - Universidade Federal de Goiás, Catalão, 2018.