Saúde ambiental e as doenças respiratórias na cidade de Caldas Novas (GO)

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Universidade Federal de Goiás


Today the cities are environments conducive to the development of diseases, especially respiratory diseases, as a function of their growth is common to see suspended particulate materials from industrial, transport, burning of vegetation, burning of refuse, which is aggravated the occurrence of houses without ventilation and excess moisture, especially in outlying areas. As this research scenario, the city of Caldas Novas is located in Goias State, holds the largest source of thermal waters of Brazil, has a fragile physical environment in relation to the occupation process, mainly due to the water table to drop in approximately 60% of urban area varies between 0 and 5 m deep. Sector West of the city, which sits at the foot of the Serra de Caldas, and is the subject of this research study, occupies an area of about 14km ² and a population of about 1634 people. This study aims to understand the social and environmental influence on the incidence of respiratory diseases in Caldas Novas (GO). To carr y out this work we chose to do a study of integrated analysis of landscape elements (Geosystem), it was possible to perform diagnosis of environmental health (respiratory diseases) in Sector West of the city of Caldas Novas (GO). The integrated analysis shows correlation between rainfall, urban development, social conditions and water table drop, aggravation of respiratory diseases in the city. In this sense, these illnesses are the result of dynamic and complex systems favored by the local landscape. But it is believed that although the influence of all these environmental aspects, the water table has suspende a more intense, causing moisture in homes and consequently the onset of mold which aggravates respiratory diseases



Geossistema doenças respiratórias Geografia da saúde, Geosystem - respiratory diseases - Health Geography, 1. Geossistema; 2. Doenças-respiratórias; 3. Geografia-saúde


SANTOS, Flávia de Oliveira. Environmental health and respiratory diseases in the city of Caldas Novas (GO). 2011. 108 f. Dissertação (Mestrado em Ciências Humanas) - Universidade Federal de Goiás, Goiânia, 2011.