Cantigas trovadorescas medievais galego-portuguesas de escárnio e de maldizer: desdobramentos, transgressão e ensino de História

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Universidade Federal de Goiás


The main goal of this study is to do a historical approach of the medieval Galician and Galician-Portuguese troubadour’s songs, particularly the escárnio and maldizer (derision and badmouthing) ones, that were present in the Iberian Peninsula between the end of the 12 th century and the middle of the 14 th century, as well as their usage in the process of interdisciplinary learning and teaching of Literature and History. Therefore, we carried out a survey of the political, social and cultural aspects that served as context to the emergence and development of Troubadourism, in addition to a diachronic verification of Galician-Portuguese, the language in which troubadours, jograis and segreis (jongleurs) used to sing; their cultural and linguistic hybridization by the main languages that traveled through Iberia. We held a discussion about the laughter, the adultery, the dishonesty and the cowardice in the battlefields of the Christian Reconquest, and its representation in the songs of escárnio and maldizer (derision and badmouthing), in order to corroborate its transgressor aspect and its capacity to deconstruct the social imaginary linked to the archetype of the cavalry and the knights. In order to establish a contrast between this period and the current one, we analyzed fragments, in which the writings insert themselves in the popular tradition of chapbooks, feeding the social imaginary concerning the heroism of the knight. Thus, we can verify the historical permanencies and the cultural and literary residualities that exist in these fragments as constituent agents of the peninsular and Brazilian imaginary. This way, we elaborated a proposition and a didactic material for the teacher to use in classroom, in which were addressed the previously mentioned aspects, as well as offering another possible interpretation to the cavalry and the knights. Consequently, providing a different alternative to the teachings of Literature and History, with the treatment of a medieval literary source, the relations of permanence and residuality of the medieval troubadour’s songs in literatures to come, and their capacity to (de)construct and amplify the student's knowledge concerning this long period of history: the Middle Ages.



Trovadorismo, Residualidade, Ensino de literatura e de história, Troubadourism, Residuality, Teaching of literature and history


BORGES, Wendel de Souza. Cantigas trovadorescas medievais galego-portuguesas de escárnio e de maldizer: desdobramentos, transgressão e ensino de História. 2018. 141 f. Dissertação (Mestrado em História) - Universidade Federal de Goiás, Catalão, 2018.