Programa de gerenciamento de resíduos sólidos recicláveis em Tupaciguara (MG) - 2007 a 2015

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Universidade Federal de Goiás


The advent of disposable materials, both organic as inorgânico, wich associated to the self-consumtion model of our human society, has caused an excessive increase in the quantity of waste, called in technical language as solid or semi-liquid residues produced by men. In this context, some of the great challenges at the beginning of the millennium refer to what to do with this huge amount of garbage, since the increase in waste production occurs at an alarming rate and it is considered something to be overcome regarding the degradation environment. Given the exposed issues, the Public Power and even the human population are seeking possible solutions, such as creating Programs for Selective Collection and Recycling, but for this to occur in a sustainable way, of Environmental Education has fundamental importance because of the culture required to recycling, reuse and composting (post-collection separation) techniques. Thus, this research aims to understand the management of selective collection program conducted in Tupaciguara (MG), through its Department of Environment and ASCAMAT - (Collectors Association of Recyclable Materials) as well as their challenges faced and goals achieved, and yet, pointing to a number of possible solutions to the deficiencies in the Selective Collection Program found. For the development of this research and contemplation of the proposed objectives the methodology used was based on: theoretical reviews as support for analyzes to be carried out; the practice of field work at the ASCAMAT's office; survey with human population about selective collection program and its satisfaction level; and, research for information in the Municipality of Tupaciguara and the Public Institutions linked to the program, what is necessary for the development of the research. Considering that the selective collection system is new and still in the adaptation phase, it showed that the same has not yet been able to achieve an appropriate management model, as called for in the legislation related to the National Policy on Solid Waste. As environmental awareness measures, it developed a work of clarification from the population employing environmental education, emphasizing its importance in the process of separation of recyclable materials in order to guarantee the efficiency and the Selective Collection Program. Finally, the effective participation of the human population served by the program is also a point to be improved as well, because it was possible to see that, even though the population interviewed is aware of the importance of selective collection, almost half of respondents do not cooperate with the separation materials. The more people involved the separation of recyclable materials less waste arrives at the municipal landfill, thereby increasing its duration. Keywords: Selective Garbage Collection. Municipality of Tupaciguara (MG), Recycling. Environmental education.



Coleta seletiva de lixo, Município de Tupaciguara (MG), Reciclagem, Educação ambiental, Selective garbage collection, Municipality of Tupaciguara (MG), Recycling, Environmental education


MOURA, V. S. Programa de gerenciamento de resíduos sólidos recicláveis em Tupaciguara (MG) - 2007 a 2015. 2016. 105 f. Dissertação (Mestrado em Geografia) - Universidade Federal de Goiás, Catalão, 2016.