Urbanidades no rural: as transformações na Comunidade Macaúba - Catalão (GO)

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Universidade Federal de Goiás


The green revolution and the technological revolution that began after the Second World War intensified the urbanization and industrialization process that began with capitalist development and Brazilian agriculture modernization. These changes helped the expulsion of peasants from their lands, leading them to the cities. The cities had no planning or infrastructure for this, so they have become a major social problem (unemployment, violence and spatial segregation). The town, at first, is born as financial capital reproduction; as the locus of products circulation and consumption. And the field becomes more dependent on the city and intensifies its relationship with the city from the capitalist development. The urban society emerges in this context as "modern society" subordinating the peasant and stereotyping them as weak and delayed. And this favored by the scientific technical revolution relationship does not occur homogeneously, but prints a new spatial dynamics, introducing a new iteration of rural areas with urban spaces because of the transportation and communication means, building accessibility between the two territories. The accessibility that makes it easy for the farmer has a key role for the consumer population that, besides producing much of the food being consumed, consumes the products of modernity, the media enhances the purchasing power and consumption of these products. Within this context to understand the urban-rural relationship and define the differences between urban life and rural life, and observe the submission countryside to the city in many ways, we see that the field is increasingly dependent on the city, as explicit in loans and financing for agriculture, which makes a relationship of dependency between the two spaces. This understanding of the locus of research that will be Macaúba - Catalan (GO) and capitalist transformations that leave the boost consumption, social organization, and city appreciation and urban culture community, within the “urbanity” context in rural. It is understood that the rural is a space that influences and is influenced by urban, rural incorporates the urban values, but still retain their rural values, in any case, the capitalist mass culture falls within the field as well as the urban culture influenced by the media interfere in community life.



Cidade-campo, Urbanidades, Consumo, Comunidade Macaúba - Catalão (GO), City - field, “Urbanities", Consumption, Community Macaúba - Catalão (GO)


RAMOS, H. R. D. Urbanidades no rural: as transformações na Comunidade Macaúba - Catalão (GO). 2014. 137 f. Dissertação (Mestrado em Geografia) - Universidade Federal de Goiás, Catalão, 2014.