Trabalho doméstico: avanços e desafios no início do século XXI para as empregadas domésticas na cidade de Catalão - Goiás

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Universidade Federal de Goiás


The contemporary urban space is a product of history, of social struggles, labor relations and public policy. It is noticed that there are several political and economic agents, intertwined gender, race and social class that contribute to the perpetuation of exploitation and discrimination of various working in space - such as maids. Therefore, in this research, it is recognized that domestic workers are among the working with lower purchasing power, with the worst pay and, to be mostly women, with lower wages than men, since the value of women's labor force is produced by patriarchy as being of less value, which, in fact, influence the use and appropriation of urban space. To realize this reality, we interviewed ten maids in the city of Catalan (GO), recognizing the social and spatial segregation experienced daily by these workers in the early twenty-first century, after the Constitutional Amendment No. 72, 2013, which expanded the class of the employed domestics certain rights that were already enjoyed by others the working Street. In this sense, while this regulation brought rights arising from the employment relationship also led to an increase in working hours to eight hours, intensifying the exploitation of the labor force, which impacts on the health of domestic workers, which, on the double and triple journey of everyday work, suffer from pain caused by physical stress and repetitive movements and boosted the migration of domestic workers to part-time work, the contractors of cleaning and sanitizing, and informal, of diarist in Given the need to reconcile work activity with home chores. Thus, for the realization of this thesis, we make use of field research and literature review of some authors who discuss domestic labor, space and patriarchal relations and gender, as Abramo (2007), Antunes (1991), Costa ( 2013), Harvey (1992), Hirata (2007), Marx (2013), walnut (2006), Ratts (2003), Saffioti (2013), Santos (1996) Scott (1995), Smith (2009), among others. In this bias, this study is a contribution to the debate, with the society and academia, about the working conditions and relations of the maids in the city of Catalan (GO), including their socio-spatial relations, which did not have many changes at the beginning of XXI century, even after the Constitutional Amendment No. 72, 2013.



Trabalho doméstico, Gênero, Espaço, Housework, Genre, Space


SILVA, Sueley Luana da. Trabalho doméstico: avanços e desafios no início do século XXI para as empregadas domésticas na cidade de Catalão - Goiás. 2016. 121 f. Dissertação (Mestrado em Geografia) - Universidade Federal de Goiás, Catalão, 2016.