Territórios em conflito: a comunidade Macaúba/Catalão (GO) e a territorialização da atividade mineradora

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Universidade Federal de Goiás


Peasant agriculture in Brazil has developed on the margins of the capitalist system. However, even without being designed the necessary conditions for their reproduction, it has reinvented itself in the everyday actions that articulate experiences, knowledge and social exchanges, which has allowed it to continue. Between 1970 and 1980 the city of Catalão (GO) mining companies received state capital and private territorializam in rural areas (where they live predominantly peasant families) to exploit the mineral deposits of niobium and phosphate, leading to a conflict over land use . Faced with this reality we set out to think about the occupation of a territory from two different rationales. On the one hand, the objective is the exploration of industrial minerals correspondent, and has another peasant families seeking resources on earth to live. We defined the objective of the research to understand the socioeconomic transformations, cultural and environmental factors that are occurring in the Community Macaúba depending on the process of territorial expansion and mining industries. The arrival of these companies has meant, for some, synonymous with economic growth and "development" for the city. On the other hand, generated a series of negative effects on the environment and the surrounding communities of the area occupied with the destruction of areas of Cerrado. There is also noise pollution, air and water, which directly affect the communities where these businesses are territorializaram like Macaúba Communities, located in the Catalão (GO). Another effect that affects the Community refers to the dispossession of peasant families who are forced to bear the effects, sometimes painful, this process. The effects of mining in the Community are social, economic, environmental and cultural. However, even with so many dead ends, the Community continues to exist, to reproduce itself, reinventing itself daily, to creating strategies that underlie this work and ties of solidarity, leisure and community life. There is an organization of the Community to continue to exist in a form of silent resistance, where the Community significance to their lives, their customs rescues as joint efforts, prayers, festivals, football, horseback riding.



Agricultura camponesa, Mineradoras, Comunidade Macaúba, Catalão (GO), Peasant agriculture, Miners, Community Macaúba, Catalão (GO)


FERREIRA, Ana Paula da Silva de Oliveira. Territórios em conflito: a comunidade Macaúba/Catalão (GO) e a territorialização da atividade mineradora. 2012. 174 f. Dissertação (Mestrado em Geografia) - Universidade Federal de Goiás, Catalão, 2012.