Estudo químico de erythroxylum suberosum (erythroxylaceae) frente às catepsinas K, L e V

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Universidade Federal de Goiás


This work describes the chemical study of E. suberosum, aiming to elucidate structures of secondary metabolites in the leaves, stem and roots. Cathepsins assays were used to evaluate in vitro activity of extracts, fractions and isolated compounds, using fluorogenic substrate ZFR-MCA. These enzymes, also known as lysossomal cysteine peptidases are involved in many physiological processes, and are associated with many pathological conditions. Cathepsins K, L and V are involved in the development of diseases such as osteoporosis, skin cancer and atherosclerosis, respectively. Based on pathological processes in which cathepsins are involved, the search for specific inhibitors can be a new approach for the treatment these diseases. The study of ethanolic extract from leaves led to the identification of four flavonoids belonging to the flavonol class: quercetin and its derivatives 3-O-monoglycosides hyperin and isoquercitrin, and 3-O-diglycosides, ombuin-3-rutinoside, all previously reported for this species. The mixture of flavanols, catechin and epicatechin were isolated from ethanolic extract from roots, besides the fatty ester of sitosterol. The mixture of steroids campesterol, stigmasterol and β-sitosterol were identified from the stem extract. This study also suggests the presence of tropane alkaloids, tropacocaine and nortropacocaine, in the ethanolic extract from leaves of E. suberosum, reported for the first time in this species. In the evaluation for cathepsins K, L and V, the extracts (concentration of 50 mg/mL), showed significant inhibition of all enzymes with percentage inhibition values above 60%. The fractions showed significant activity against cathepsin V and L when evaluated at concentrations of 5 and 50 mg/mL. The quercetin flavonol showed IC50 value of 2.2 ± 0.2 μM against cathepsin V and low affinity for cathepsins K and L (100 μM). This is an important result since literature reports for flavonoids as inhibitors of cathepsin V are quite limited.



Produtos naturais, Erythroxylaceae, Erythroxylum suberosum, Catepsinas, Natural products, Erythroxylaceae, Erythroxylum suberosum, Cathepsins


NASCIMENTO, Michelle Nauara Gomes do. Estudo químico de erythroxylum suberosum (erythroxylaceae) frente às catepsinas K, L e V. 2014. 104 f. Dissertação (Mestrado em Química) - Universidade Federal de Goiás, Goiânia, 2014.