O mapeamento das áreas verdes urbanas de Uberlândia (MG): análise da concentração de investimentos públicos

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Universidade Federal de Goiás


The constant process of growth of cities usually happens in a disordered way. With this process, the “globalization” experienced in the last decades contributes significantly to the municipal territorial (re)ordering. In that perspective, Uberlândia city (MG) experiences a urban growth and reordering, resulting in an increased demand for public structures, such as faster road networks, enlargement and improvement of public transportation, creation of new schools and hospitals, construction of new squares and parks, amongst several other necessary structures to meet the needs of the population, enlarging, this way, welfare conditions and quality of life. Thus, through everyday observations, the existence of large discrepancies with regard to these urban infrastructures throughout Uberlândia territory, especially in urban green areas - parks and squares - the present work aimed at mapping and analysing the green areas in the urban perimeter of Uberlândia (MG), seeking the understanding of the distribution/concentration of these territorial plots so important for keeping the urban quality of life, as well as the evaluation of the different investment/treatment scales of the public power in green areas of certain locations when compared to others. To reach the main goal, the methodology used was bibliographic research, in which were approached the topics related to green areas, urban planning and geoprocessing, as well as digital data processing and fieldwork resulting from the urban green areas analysis to get to the final analysis of the distribution of the green areas and the concentration of public investments. As a result, maps of population distribution, concentration of tree vegetation, distribution of possible green areas, field stop point, indices of vegetation by neighborhood, indices of vegetation by inhabitants, area of influence of green areas and area of influence of urban green areas with population distribution of Uberlândia were generated. From the maps and analyzes, it was possible then to diagnose that considering squares and parks, 11 of the 74 integrated neighborhoods in Uberlândia do not have a green area and when calculating the Green Area Percentage (PAV) per neighborhood, it was observed that in 35 of them the percentage is less than 1% and in only 2 it exceeds 10%. Also calculating the Index of Green Areas per Inhabitants (IAVHab), taking into account the total of inhabitants and the total of urban perimeter's green areas, the index is 7,41 m²/inhabitants, and still calculating, this same index per neighborhood was verified that out of the 74 neighborhoods, 14 obtained no results, 51 results between 0.01 to 10.85 m²/inhabitants and only 9 neighborhoods reached results above the percentage considered by the United Nations (UN), which considers that there should be at least 12 m² of green area per inhabitant. It was also carried out the individual analysis of fifteen selected green areas where it was noted that only two of them could really be considered as green areas taking into consideration the theoretical review used. Finally, the concentration of public investments destined to this so important element for the quality of life of the population was evaluated.



Áreas verdes urbanas, Geoprocessamento, Planejamento urbano, Concentração de investimentos públicos, Uberlândia, Urban green areas, Geoprocessing, Urban planning, Concentration of public investments, Uberlândia


SILVA, L. C. O mapeamento das áreas verdes urbanas de Uberlândia (MG): análise da concentração de investimentos públicos. 2018. 124 f. Dissertação (Mestrado em Geografia) - Universidade Federal de Goiás, Catalão, 2018.