O Apóstolo João e os irmãos Grimm: um diálogo judaico-cristão ou uma abordagem antissemita?

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Universidade Federal de Goiás


The Brothers Grimm conducted a research on German culture with a focus on folk narratives from the oral tradition that resulted in the publication of books, articles, and dictionaries that impacted language and literature studies in several countries. The Grimm's work was not restricted to German-speaking countries. The collected narratives were organized and published in two separate works that bring together stories defined by them as Märchen and legends. According to the Brothers Grimm, the Märchen refer to a series of folk stories (with no connection to the real and rational world) that were scattered among the population and were passed on by oral tradition from generation to generation to transmit knowledge, religious dogmas, values, ideologies, beliefs or philosophical principles. The legends shared the same characteristics as the Märchen, but presented some verisimilar element such as date or location, for example. The collection of Märchen was called Kinder-und Hausmärchen and that of legends was called Deutsche Sagen. The Brothers Grimm’s narratives, although not of their original authorship, have a strong Christian symbolism. The following thesis analyzes how the Brothers Grimm’s stories dialogue with the Gospel of John, since the evangelist is pointed out by Murphy (2000) as one of the greatest influences of Wilhelm Grimm, the main responsible for writing and revising the collected narratives. Starting from the fact that Kinder-und Hausmärchen was one of the works that had free circulation in Nazi Germany and that a Nazified copy of the Gospel of John was distributed on German territory by the Nazi Party in the 1930s, this work analyzes some legends and Märchen identifying the symbology of Christian theology, antisemitic interpretations and also presents the genealogies of the stories studied. The theoretical foundation is supported by the main researchers in the area as Karin Volobuef (2007; 2011; 2014), Jack Zipes (1999; 2002; 2006; 2014); Maria Tatar (1987; 2004); D. L. Ashliman (1987); Heide Anne Heiner (2010); F. F. Bruce (1987), among others.



Irmãos Grimm, Evangelho de João, Antissemitismo, Judeu, Märchen, Brothers Grimm, Gospel of John, Antisemitism, Jew


ALMEIDA, G. W. G. O Apóstolo João e os irmãos Grimm: um diálogo judaico-cristão ou uma abordagem antissemita?. 2021. 264 f. Tese (Doutorado em Estudos da Linguagem) - Universidade Federal de Goiás, Catalão, 2021.