Estudo do bagaço de cevada e da palha de milho como materiais adsorventes alternativos para remoção do agrotóxico carbaril de meio aquoso contaminado

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Universidade Federal de Goiás


In this dissertation, the materials corn straw and barley bagasse were investigated as alternative adsorbents for removal of the carbaryl pesticide from aqueous medium. For this, both materials were ground to obtain uniform particles (granulometry between 20 and 48 mesh) and treated with hydrated ethyl alcohol. The quantification of the carbaryl pesticide was made by High Efficiency Liquid Chromatography with UV-vis detector. The values of LD and LQ for the determination of the carbaryl pesticide by liquid chromatography using the method used were 0.01 mg L-1 and 0.10 mg L-1, respectively. The characterization of the adsorbent materials by FTIR showed the presence of the functional groups: hydroxyl, carbonyl and methyl, very common in lignocellulosic materials. The pH at the zero loading point (pHPCZ) was 7.08 for barley bagasse and 6.44 for corn straw. The adsorption capacity of the investigated materials was evaluated under different parameters such as material dose (g L-1), contact time between the pesticide solution and the adsorbent material (min) and the concentration of the pesticide in the solution (mg L-1). An alternative adsorption procedure was also proposed with the adsorbents packaged in a column where different doses of the adsorbents were evaluated and finally the adsorption process was evaluated using natural water samples. From the study of the dose of the materials the dose of 20 g L-1, equivalent to 200 mg of the adsorbent material in 10 mL of solution was selected, where 45.1% of the carbaryl was obtained when the barley bagasse was used and 49.2% when corn straw was used. For both adsorbents the kinetic study showed that the adsorption of the carbaryl agrochemical is best represented by the Avrami kinetic model, indicating that the adsorption of the carbaryl is not constant, but follows multiple orders. The maximum adsorption capacity (Qmax) was obtained by the construction of adsorption isotherms, where it was verified that the experimental data of the process of adsorption of the carbaryl by the barley bagasse is better represented by the Langmuir model providing a value of Qmax of 6, 5244 mg g-1. For corn straw, the Sips model was the most adequate with a Qmax value of 1.2625 mg g -1. In the column adsorption procedure the barley bagasse was efficient in all the doses evaluated, obtaining practically the same rate of removal as the procedure performed in batch mode, however in a much shorter time. As for the adsorbent corn straw, the removal through the column procedure was much less effective, suggesting that for this material the batch procedure is more adequate. In the adsorption study using natural water samples as an aqueous matrix, it was verified that the adsorption process of the carbaryl by both adsorbents can be affected by the pH of the medium and also by the presence of other compounds present in the aqueous matrix. In general, the results indicate that the barleybagasse and corn straw materials can be used as adsorbent materials in the treatment of aqueous medium contaminated with the carbaryl pesticide.



Adsorção, Agrotóxico, Carbaril, Cromatografia líquida, Adsorvente alternativo, Palha de milho, Bagaço de cevada, Adsorption, Pesticide, Carbaryl, Liquid chromatography, Alternate adsorbent, Corn straw, Barley bagasse


MILHOMEM, K. P. Estudo do bagaço de cevada e da palha de milho como materiais adsorventes alternativos para remoção do agrotóxico carbaril de meio aquoso contaminado. 2018. 103 f. Dissertação (Mestrado em Química) - Universidade Federal de Goiás, Catalão, 2018.